Reducing postprandial hyperglycemia with adjuvant premeal pramlintide and postmeal insulin in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Krishnavathana Hassan, Rubina A. Heptulla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adjuvant premeal pramlintide with postmeal insulin on postprandial hyperglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: Eight adolescents with T1DM on intensive insulin therapy participated in an open-label, non-randomized, crossover study, comparing postprandial glucose excursions in study A (prescribed insulin regimen and given premeal) vs. study B (pramlintide + insulin). Prandial insulin dose for study B was decreased by 20% and given postmeal, while pramlintide was given just before the meal. Blood glucose (BG), glucagon, and pramlintide concentrations were measured basally and at timed intervals during a 300-min study period. Results: Postprandial incremental BG for the duration of the study was reduced in study B vs. study A with AUC(-60to300min) (area under the curve) at 6600 ± 2371 vs. 20230 ± 3126 mg/dL/min (367 ± 132 vs. 1124 ± 174 mmol/L/min) (p < 0.001). Glucagon concentration was suppressed for ∼120 min following administration of 30 μg of pramlintide and postmeal insulin (p < 0.003). No severe hypoglycemic episodes were experienced in this study. Conclusions: Postprandial hyperglycemia is considerably reduced in adolescents with T1DM when treated with fixed-dose premeal pramlintide, and precisely calculated postmeal insulin, without significant side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-268
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 2009

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Keywords

  • Children
  • Glucagon
  • Postprandial hyperglycemia
  • Pramlintide
  • T1DM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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