Reducing patient radiation dosage during pediatric SVT ablations using an "aLARA" radiation reduction protocol in the modern fluoroscopic era

Laura A. Gellis, Scott R. Ceresnak, Gregory J. Gates, Lynn Nappo, Robert H. Pass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Ablation for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) relies upon fluoroscopy (fluoro), which exposes the patient and staff to ionizing radiation. The objective of this work was to present a new "ALARA - As Low As Reasonably Achievable" protocol with alterations to fluoroscopic x-ray parameters to reduce dose without an electroanatomical (EAM) approach. Methods All patients <21 years of age undergoing ablation of SVT at our institution from June 2011 to April 2012 were included. EAM was not utilized in any case. An ALARA protocol of low frame rates (2 or 3 fps), low fluoro dose/frame (10-18 nGy/frame), and other techniques aimed at reducing use of fluoroscopy were employed. Demographics, procedural, and radiation data were analyzed. Results Forty-two patients underwent ablation and were studied. Median age was 14.1 years (range 4.8-21.1 years), weight was 51 kg (range 18.2-75 kg), and body surface area was 1.51 m2 (range 0.72- 1.94 m2). Seventeen (41%) had Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, 14 (33%) atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, and 11 (26%) concealed pathways. Median procedural time was 114 minutes (57-246 minutes). Median dose area product (DAP) for posterioanterior and lateral fluoroscopy was 343.2 uGym2 (range 38.2-3,172 uGym2); the median air Kerma product (K) was 45.4 mGy (range 6.7-567.5 mGy). DAP and K are lower than prior data from EAM and fluoroscopy techniques. The acute success rate was 95%; no procedural complications. Conclusions An ALARA protocol for ablation of SVT reduced radiation to below levels previously reported for combined EAM/fluoro approaches. Success rates were excellent with no complications and without the costs of EAM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-694
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2013

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Keywords

  • SVT
  • pediatrics
  • radiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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