Recombinant pro-apoptotic Mycobacterium tuberculosis generates CD8+ T cell responses against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Env and M. tuberculosis in neonatal mice

Uma Devi K. Ranganathan, Michelle H. Larsen, John Kim, Steven A. Porcelli, William R. Jacobs, Glenn J. Fennelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycobacterium bovis BCG is an attractive vaccine vector against breast milk HIV transmission because it elicits Th1-type responses in newborns. However, BCG causes disease in HIV-infected infants. Genetically attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) mutants represent a safer alternative for immunocompromised populations. In the current study, we compared the immunogenicity in mice of three different recombinant attenuated Mtb strains expressing an HIV envelope (Env) antigen construct. Two of these strains (ΔlysA ΔpanCD Mtb and ΔRD1 ΔpanCD Mtb) failed to induce significant levels of HIV Env-specific CD8+ T cell responses. In striking contrast, an HIV-1 Env-expressing attenuated ΔlysA Mtb containing a deletion in secA2, which encodes a virulence-related secretion system involved in evading adaptive immunity, generated consistently measurable Env-specific CD8+ T cell responses that were significantly greater than those observed after immunization with BCG expressing HIV Env. Similarly, another strain of ΔlysA ΔsecA2 Mtb expressing SIV Gag induced Gag- and Mtb-specific CD8+ T cells producing perforin or IFNγ, and Gag-specific CD4+ T cells producing IFNγ within 3 weeks after immunization in adult mice; in addition, IFNγ-producing Gag-specific CD8+ T cells and Mtb-specific CD4+ T cells were observed in neonatal mice within 1 week of immunization. We conclude that ΔlysA ΔsecA2 Mtb is a promising vaccine platform to construct a safe combination HIV-TB vaccine for use in neonates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-161
Number of pages10
JournalVaccine
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2009

Keywords

  • Attenuated M. tuberculosis
  • CD8 T cell immunogen
  • Combination HIV-TB vaccine
  • HIV-1 Env
  • Neonatal vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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