Recent Insights Into Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Among HIV-Infected Adults

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

While mortality rates related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have decreased over time among adults with HIV, excess risk of CVD in the HIV-infected population may persist despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) treatment and aggressive CVD risk factor control. Beyond atherosclerotic CVD, recent studies suggest that HIV infection may be associated with left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, interstitial myocardial fibrosis, and increased cardiac fat infiltration. Thus, with the increasing average age of the HIV-infected population, heart failure and arrhythmic disorders may soon rival coronary artery disease as the most prevalent forms of CVD. Finally, the question of whether HIV infection should be considered in clinical risk stratification has never been resolved, and this question has assumed new importance with recent changes to lipid treatment guidelines for prevention of CVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-52
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent HIV/AIDS reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Aging
  • CVD
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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