Rates of False-Negative Screening in Prostate Specific Antigen Secondary to 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitor Usage: A Quality-Improvement Initiative

Justin Loloi, Matthew Wei, Mustufa Babar, Denzel Zhu, Ethan B. Fram, Pedro Maria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Patients often take 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, 5-ARIs can decrease prostate specific antigen (PSA) by approximately half and therefore may lead to false negative PSA tests. We investigated false-screening rates in men on 5-ARIs undergoing PSA testing and whether ordering physicians noticed false negative findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single institution, retrospective study was conducted on patients with a PSA value documented between 2014 and 2017. Patient demographics, PSA results, 5-ARI usage, and providing clinician characteristics were collected. Published normal PSA values were used to determine PSA test positivity; values for those on 5-ARIs were doubled. RESULTS: A total of 29,131 men were included. 1,654 (5.7%) were prescribed 5-ARIs at least 12 months prior to PSA evaluation. 118 men (7.1%) had a value that would be positive if corrected for 5-ARI usage, 33 (27.9%) of which had no indication that the provider had noted this. There was no effect on rates of false negative values if the PSA was ordered by a different provider than the one who prescribed the 5-ARI (p = 0.837). However, if the provider who ordered the PSA test was an urologist, the likelihood that a false negative value would be identified was lower (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: More than a quarter of men with false negative tests were missed. This occurred more often when the ordering provider was not an urologist. An educational opportunity exists to improve the quality of PSA testing by preventing false negative tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-695
Number of pages8
JournalInternational braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen
  • Prostatic Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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