Rare Upper Airway Anomalies

Alanna Windsor, Clarice Clemmens, Ian N. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A broad spectrum of congenital upper airway anomalies can occur as a result of errors during embryologic development. In this review, we will describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management strategies for a few select, rare congenital malformations of this system. The diagnostic tools used in workup of these disorders range from prenatal tests to radiological imaging, swallowing evaluations, indirect or direct laryngoscopy, and rigid bronchoscopy. While these congenital defects can occur in isolation, they are often associated with disorders of other organ systems or may present as part of a syndrome. Therefore workup and treatment planning for patients with these disorders often involves a team of multiple specialists, including paediatricians, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists, speech pathologists, gastroenterologists, and geneticists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalPaediatric Respiratory Reviews
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Bronchoscopy
  • Laryngeal cleft
  • Laryngeal diseases
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Respiratory system abnormalities
  • Trachea
  • Tracheal agenesis
  • Tracheal stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Rare Upper Airway Anomalies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this