Eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-20) purified from rabbit reticulocyte lysates consists of equimolar amounts of two polypeptide chains of Mr 48,000 and 38,000. Determination of the molecular weight of the native factor gave a value which is consistent with a Mr of 86,000 indicating that the factor is composed of one Mr 48,000 and one Mr 38,000 polypeptide. The purified factor exhibited all the binding activities characteristic of eIF-2. The factor formed ternary complexes with Met-tRNAfMet and GTP; it bound GDP to form a binary complex; and it also possessed the property of binding a wide variety of RNA species, including reoviral mRNA, phage T3 mRNA, rRNAs, and tRNA. Furthermore, the ternary complex formed by purified eIF-2 interacted with the 40S ribosomal subunit in the presence of AUG codon to form a 40S initiation complex. These results indicate that all binding activities attributed to eIF-2 are contained in the 48,000- and 38,000-dalton polypeptides.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jun 1980|
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