Quantitative determination that one of two potential RNA-binding domains of the a protein component of the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein complex binds with high affinity to stem-loop II of U1 RNA

Carol Lutz-Freyermuth, Charles C. Query, Jack D. Keene

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132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many RNA-associated proteins contain a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) consensus octamer encompassed by a conserved 80 amino acid sequence, which we have termed an RNA recognition motif (RRM). RRM family members contain either one (class I) or multiple (class II) copies of this motif. We report here that a class II component of the U1 small nuclear RNP (snRNP), the A protein of U1 snRNP (U1snRNP-A), contains two RRMs (RRM1 and -2), yet has only one binding domain (RRM1) that interacts specifically with stem-loop II of U1 RNA. Quantitative analysis of binding affinities of fragments of U1snRNP-A demonstrated that an 86-amino acid polypeptide was competent to bind to U1 RNA with an affinity comparable to that of the full-length protein (Kd ≈ 80 nM). The carboxyl-terminal RRM2 of U1snRNP-A did not bind to U1 RNA and may recognize an unidentified heterologous RNA. We propose that class II proteins may function as bridges between RNA components of RNP complexes such as the spliceosome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6393-6397
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume87
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

U1 Small Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
Ribonucleoproteins
RNA
Proteins
Small Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
Spliceosomes
Amino Acid Sequence
Amino Acids
Peptides
U1 small nuclear RNA
RNA Recognition Motif Proteins

Keywords

  • Pre-mRNA splicing
  • RNA recognition motif
  • RNA-protein interactions
  • RNP consensus octamer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Many RNA-associated proteins contain a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) consensus octamer encompassed by a conserved 80 amino acid sequence, which we have termed an RNA recognition motif (RRM). RRM family members contain either one (class I) or multiple (class II) copies of this motif. We report here that a class II component of the U1 small nuclear RNP (snRNP), the A protein of U1 snRNP (U1snRNP-A), contains two RRMs (RRM1 and -2), yet has only one binding domain (RRM1) that interacts specifically with stem-loop II of U1 RNA. Quantitative analysis of binding affinities of fragments of U1snRNP-A demonstrated that an 86-amino acid polypeptide was competent to bind to U1 RNA with an affinity comparable to that of the full-length protein (Kd ≈ 80 nM). The carboxyl-terminal RRM2 of U1snRNP-A did not bind to U1 RNA and may recognize an unidentified heterologous RNA. We propose that class II proteins may function as bridges between RNA components of RNP complexes such as the spliceosome.",
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AU - Lutz-Freyermuth, Carol

AU - Query, Charles C.

AU - Keene, Jack D.

PY - 1990/8

Y1 - 1990/8

N2 - Many RNA-associated proteins contain a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) consensus octamer encompassed by a conserved 80 amino acid sequence, which we have termed an RNA recognition motif (RRM). RRM family members contain either one (class I) or multiple (class II) copies of this motif. We report here that a class II component of the U1 small nuclear RNP (snRNP), the A protein of U1 snRNP (U1snRNP-A), contains two RRMs (RRM1 and -2), yet has only one binding domain (RRM1) that interacts specifically with stem-loop II of U1 RNA. Quantitative analysis of binding affinities of fragments of U1snRNP-A demonstrated that an 86-amino acid polypeptide was competent to bind to U1 RNA with an affinity comparable to that of the full-length protein (Kd ≈ 80 nM). The carboxyl-terminal RRM2 of U1snRNP-A did not bind to U1 RNA and may recognize an unidentified heterologous RNA. We propose that class II proteins may function as bridges between RNA components of RNP complexes such as the spliceosome.

AB - Many RNA-associated proteins contain a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) consensus octamer encompassed by a conserved 80 amino acid sequence, which we have termed an RNA recognition motif (RRM). RRM family members contain either one (class I) or multiple (class II) copies of this motif. We report here that a class II component of the U1 small nuclear RNP (snRNP), the A protein of U1 snRNP (U1snRNP-A), contains two RRMs (RRM1 and -2), yet has only one binding domain (RRM1) that interacts specifically with stem-loop II of U1 RNA. Quantitative analysis of binding affinities of fragments of U1snRNP-A demonstrated that an 86-amino acid polypeptide was competent to bind to U1 RNA with an affinity comparable to that of the full-length protein (Kd ≈ 80 nM). The carboxyl-terminal RRM2 of U1snRNP-A did not bind to U1 RNA and may recognize an unidentified heterologous RNA. We propose that class II proteins may function as bridges between RNA components of RNP complexes such as the spliceosome.

KW - Pre-mRNA splicing

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KW - RNA-protein interactions

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