Purified PTP1 protein induces antigen-specific protective immunity against Encephalitozoon cuniculi

Magali M. Moretto, Elizabeth M. Lawlor, Yanji Xu, Imtiaz A. Khan, Louis M. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microsporidiosis poses a problem for immunocompromised individuals including patients with HIV infection as well as those with organ transplantation. Recent reports from Africa have suggested that microsporidiosis with diarrhea is an independent risk factor for malnutrition in children. Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that CD8+ T cells are an essential component of protective immunity against the microsporidium Encephalitozoon cuniculi. Mutant mice lacking this T cell subset or cytotoxic function are unable to clear the infection and ultimately succumb to the disease. However, information regarding the antigens involved in the elicitation of CD8+ T cell response is not available. In this study, we report that immunization of animals with Encephalitozoon hellem polar tube protein 1 (rEhPTP1) induces a strong T cell response in vaccinated animals. Splenic dendritic cells pulsed with rEhPTP1 are able to induce E. cuniculi specific CD8+ T cell response with no effect on the CD4+ T cell subset. This is the first report identifying a protein capable of inducing CD8+ T cell immunity, which is conserved in other microsporidial species of human importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-579
Number of pages6
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Immunization
  • Microsporidia
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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