Calf liver γ-butyrobetaine hydroxylase has been purified some 400-fold by DEAE, gel permeation, and hydroxylapatite chromatography. The homogeneous enzyme is a dimer of 46,000-dalton subunits. The Km values for substrates and cofactors and the apparent activation constants for ascorbate and catalase have been determined. Inhibition of the enzyme by a number of divalent metals supports the function of sulfhydryl groups in metal binding. An antibody to the enzyme has been obtained; this does not cross-react with homogeneous γ-butyrobetaine hydroxylase from a Pseudomonas strain. The antibody, coupled to Sepharose 4B, has been used to purify the calf liver hydroxylase 350-fold in one step.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology