Nocardia brasiliensis possess proteolytic activities that can be readily detected in a variety of media. In a modified formulation of a growth medium originally used for Streptomyces aureofaciens, N. brasiliensis was found to secrete proteolytic enzymes, one of which was capable of hydrolyzing casein. This enzyme was purified to homogeneity from cell-free culture filtrates of N. brasiliensis. The purification procedure included ion-exchange chromatography on carboxymethyl-Sepharose, gel filtration of Sephadex G-100, and affinity chromatography, using a hemoglobin-Sepharose resin. The molecular weight of the N. brasiliensis protease was found to be 25,000 by gel filtration and 35,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-discontinuous gel electrophoresis. The enzyme is inhibited by o-phenanthroline and 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid but is not affected by EDTA. Average values for its kinetic parameters were 0.288 μmol of hemoglobin solubilized per min per mg of enzyme for V(max) and 0.76 mM for K(m), using hemoglobin as the substrate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Bacteriology|
|State||Published - Apr 13 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology