The murine macrophage-like cell line J774.16 and peritoneal exudate cells elicited with thioglycollate or starch contain a major calmodulin (CaM)-binding protein (CaMBP) which is absent in trifluoroperazine-resistant variants of J774, resident peritoneal macrophages and peritoneal macrophages elicited with concanavalin A, lipopolysaccharide, proteose peptone, or Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. Resident murine peritoneal cells maintained in tissue culture for 3 days begin to accumulate this protein, as do human peripheral blood monocytes after 7 days of culture. A specific competitive displacement radioimmunoassay was developed with the use of a rabbit antiserum raised to the partially purified CaM-binding protein and [125I]CaM covalently cross-linked to the principal CaM-binding protein in the preparation. The radioimmunoassay confirmed the unique cellular distribution of this protein, suggesting that it may be a marker for certain stages of macrophage differentiation. Monoclonal antibodies were prepared, and one of these was used to further purify the protein by immunoaffinity chromatography. A protein of M(r) 50,000 to 60,000 was isolated. The protein could be selectively adsorbed to wheat germ agglutinin agarose and subsequently eluted with N-acetyl glucosamine. This property, plus the sensitivity of the protein to endoglycosidase F, led to the conclusion that it is a glycoprotein. The cellular distribution, subcellular localization, and evidence for glycosylation suggest that this protein may be a macrophage-specific receptor with a high affinity for Ca2+ -CaM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy