Background Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an uncommon, life-threatening complication after living donor nephrectomy (LDN), and is considered among the most common causes for donor mortality. Most cases of postoperative PEs are thought to originate in deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities.
Case Report A 56-year-old, healthy woman underwent laparoscopic left LDN. Her postoperative course was complicated by PE, presenting at postoperative day 7. Doppler ultrasonography of her lower extremities did not demonstrate DVT. Both transthoracic echocardiogram and contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated a floating thrombus within the inferior vena cava (IVC) originating from a thrombus in the left renal vein stump. Symptoms resolved with systemic anticoagulation. Repeat transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated resolution of the IVC thrombus.
Conclusions Thrombus originating in left renal vein stump should be considered in patients who develop PE after LDN, especially when lower extremity DVT is not demonstrated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2014|
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