Psychosocial Resources and Emotions in Women Living With HIV Who Have Cognitive Impairment: Applying the Socio-Emotional Adaptation Theory

Sean N. Halpin, Lin Ge, Christina C. Mehta, Deborah Gustafson, Kevin R. Robertson, Leah H. Rubin, Anjali Sharma, David Vance, Victor Valcour, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Igho Ofotokun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Decreased cognitive function is related to undesirable psychological outcomes such as greater emotional distress and lower quality of life, particularly among women living with HIV who experience cognitive impairment (WLWH-CI). Yet, few studies have examined the psychosocial resources that may attenuate these negative emotional outcomes. The current study sought to identify the interrelated contributions of social relationships and psychological resources in 399 WLWH-CI by applying Socio-Emotional Adaptation (SEA) theory using data from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Cognitive impairment (CI) was defined as impairment on two or more cognitive domains. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of experiencing specific emotions due to a combination of four psychosocial resources. Emotions (i.e., depression, apathy, fear, anger, and acceptance) were related to a combination of binary (positive/negative) psychosocial resources including relationship with an informal support partner, relationship with a formal caregiver, coping, and perceived control. Understanding the conditions that may influence emotions in WLWH-CI is important for identifying and appropriately addressing the needs of this population. As CI increases, these individuals experience increasing challenges with articulating their care needs and having their needs met. As such, it becomes increasingly important to identify possible triggers for emotional responses to best address these underlying challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-64
Number of pages16
JournalResearch and Theory for Nursing Practice
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • cognition
  • depression
  • emotions
  • social support
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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    Halpin, S. N., Ge, L., Mehta, C. C., Gustafson, D., Robertson, K. R., Rubin, L. H., Sharma, A., Vance, D., Valcour, V., Waldrop-Valverde, D., & Ofotokun, I. (2020). Psychosocial Resources and Emotions in Women Living With HIV Who Have Cognitive Impairment: Applying the Socio-Emotional Adaptation Theory. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 34(1), 49-64. https://doi.org/10.1891/1541-6577.34.1.49