Psychosocial needs assessment among an underserved, ethnically diverse cancer patient population

Alyson B. Moadel, Carole Morgan, Janice Dutcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little attention has been directed towards identifying and addressing the psychosocial needs of ethnic minority and underserved cancer patients. This study describes the development of a psychosocial needs survey and patterns and predictors of need among an ethnically diverse underserved cancer patient population in Bronx, New York. A 34-item psychosocial needs assessment survey was developed to assess 4 categories of need: Informational, Practical, Supportive, and Spiritual. A total of 248 oncology outpatients (48% non-Hispanic whites, 25% African Americans; 19% Hispanic) completed the survey in oncology clinic waiting rooms. The survey demonstrated high internal consistency and face validity. Ethnicity was the sole predictor of needs (P < .02), even after controlling for education, time since diagnosis, treatment status, marital status, and age. The mean percentage of needs endorsed by African Americans, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic whites respectively was 81%, 85%, 70% for Informational; 63%, 68%, 36% for Practical; 69%, 73%, 48% for Supportive; and 49%, 60%, 31% for Spiritual needs. This needs assessment offers clear directions in which to focus QOL intervention efforts among underserved and ethnic minority cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-454
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume109
Issue number2 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2007

Keywords

  • Minority groups
  • Needs assessment
  • Neoplasms
  • Psychosocial
  • Underserved

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Psychosocial needs assessment among an underserved, ethnically diverse cancer patient population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this