Psychosocial factors associated with adaptation in HIV-infected mothers

Claude Ann Mellins, Anke A. Ehrhardt, Bruce D. Rapkin, Jennifer F. Havens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Factors associated with the mental health of 40 HIV-infected mothers were examined in a sample of primarily African-American and Latina, socioeconomically disadvantaged single mothers with histories of substance use recruited from pediatric HIV clinics. Structured questionnaires on stress, social support, family functioning, psychiatric disorder, psychological distress, and substance abuse were individually administered. Different dimensions of stressful experiences (particularly losses due to death and victimization), social support, and family functioning combined in different ways to influence the mother's mental health. The combined influence of stress and social support accounted for at least half the variance in both psychiatric symptoms and psychological distress. This study supports models of stress and protective factors in understanding the mental health of HIV+ mothers, particularly models that examine stress in different life domains and different positive and negative components of social support and family functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-328
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Support
Mothers
HIV
Psychology
Mental Health
Psychiatry
Crime Victims
Vulnerable Populations
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Substance-Related Disorders
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Family functioning
  • HIV+ mothers
  • Mental health
  • Social support
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Psychosocial factors associated with adaptation in HIV-infected mothers. / Mellins, Claude Ann; Ehrhardt, Anke A.; Rapkin, Bruce D.; Havens, Jennifer F.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2000, p. 317-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mellins, Claude Ann ; Ehrhardt, Anke A. ; Rapkin, Bruce D. ; Havens, Jennifer F. / Psychosocial factors associated with adaptation in HIV-infected mothers. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2000 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 317-328.
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