Psychological outcomes of a support intervention in mothers of children with ongoing health conditions

The parent-to-parent network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared depression, anxiety, anger, cognitive disturbance, and total scores on the Psychiatric Symptom Index (Ilfeld, 1976) for 365 mothers of 5-to-8 year-olds with diverse health conditions who were randomized either to an experimental (EG) or control (CG) group. EG mothers were offered a 12-month community-based support intervention; CG mothers received standard care. Posttest scores of EG and CG mothers did not differ significantly. Although intervention effects were not related to participation level or illness-related and sociodemographic factors, a significant interaction with stressful life events (SLE) was found. Among mothers reporting more than five SLE in the past year, posttest anxiety was lower in the EG than in the CG, but no difference was found between EG and CG mothers having less than five SLE. The intervention also acted as a moderator variable, with correlations of SLE and posttest depression, anxiety, and total symptoms significantly lower in the EG than CG. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-264
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Volume25
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1997

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parents
Mothers
Psychology
Health
health
Anxiety
event
anxiety
Epidemiologic Effect Modifiers
Depression
sociodemographic factors
Anger
moderator
anger
Psychiatry
illness
Control Groups
participation
interaction
community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "We compared depression, anxiety, anger, cognitive disturbance, and total scores on the Psychiatric Symptom Index (Ilfeld, 1976) for 365 mothers of 5-to-8 year-olds with diverse health conditions who were randomized either to an experimental (EG) or control (CG) group. EG mothers were offered a 12-month community-based support intervention; CG mothers received standard care. Posttest scores of EG and CG mothers did not differ significantly. Although intervention effects were not related to participation level or illness-related and sociodemographic factors, a significant interaction with stressful life events (SLE) was found. Among mothers reporting more than five SLE in the past year, posttest anxiety was lower in the EG than in the CG, but no difference was found between EG and CG mothers having less than five SLE. The intervention also acted as a moderator variable, with correlations of SLE and posttest depression, anxiety, and total symptoms significantly lower in the EG than CG. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed.",
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