Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control

R. S. Mazze, D. Lucido, Harry Shamoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eighty-four persons with insulin-dependent diabetes participated in this study to determine whether glycemic control was related to personality, anxiety, depression, and/or quality of life. The subjects were placed on either a conventional treatment regimen consisting of one to two injections of mixed short- and intermediate-acting insulin, with urine testing or an intensive treatment regimen consisting of two or more injections of mixed insulins, with self-monitoring of blood glucose. Personality was found to have no relationship to level of glycemic control either at the beginning of the study or at any point during the study. In contrast, anxiety, depression, and quality of life showed a significant relationship to metabolic control at entry and throughout the study period. Lower anxiety and depression scores and better quality of life scores were recorded for those subjects in good control (HbA1 <8.9%) when compared with those in average control (HbA1 9.0-11.9%) and those in poor control (HbA1 >11.9%) at entry (P = 0.01). At each point during the study the difference between those in good control and those in poor control in terms of anxiety, depression, and quality of life was significant (P = 0.02). Change in glycemic control was found to account for up to 20% of the between-patient variability for these psychosocial parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-366
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume7
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Quality of Life
Depression
Psychology
Personality
Biphasic Insulins
Short-Acting Insulin
Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
Injections
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Urine
Insulin
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control. / Mazze, R. S.; Lucido, D.; Shamoon, Harry.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1984, p. 360-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mazze, RS, Lucido, D & Shamoon, H 1984, 'Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control', Diabetes Care, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 360-366.
Mazze, R. S. ; Lucido, D. ; Shamoon, Harry. / Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control. In: Diabetes Care. 1984 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 360-366.
@article{1f282d9528b147acb6764dc87ace4af2,
title = "Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control",
abstract = "Eighty-four persons with insulin-dependent diabetes participated in this study to determine whether glycemic control was related to personality, anxiety, depression, and/or quality of life. The subjects were placed on either a conventional treatment regimen consisting of one to two injections of mixed short- and intermediate-acting insulin, with urine testing or an intensive treatment regimen consisting of two or more injections of mixed insulins, with self-monitoring of blood glucose. Personality was found to have no relationship to level of glycemic control either at the beginning of the study or at any point during the study. In contrast, anxiety, depression, and quality of life showed a significant relationship to metabolic control at entry and throughout the study period. Lower anxiety and depression scores and better quality of life scores were recorded for those subjects in good control (HbA1 <8.9{\%}) when compared with those in average control (HbA1 9.0-11.9{\%}) and those in poor control (HbA1 >11.9{\%}) at entry (P = 0.01). At each point during the study the difference between those in good control and those in poor control in terms of anxiety, depression, and quality of life was significant (P = 0.02). Change in glycemic control was found to account for up to 20{\%} of the between-patient variability for these psychosocial parameters.",
author = "Mazze, {R. S.} and D. Lucido and Harry Shamoon",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "360--366",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological and social correlates of glycemic control

AU - Mazze, R. S.

AU - Lucido, D.

AU - Shamoon, Harry

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - Eighty-four persons with insulin-dependent diabetes participated in this study to determine whether glycemic control was related to personality, anxiety, depression, and/or quality of life. The subjects were placed on either a conventional treatment regimen consisting of one to two injections of mixed short- and intermediate-acting insulin, with urine testing or an intensive treatment regimen consisting of two or more injections of mixed insulins, with self-monitoring of blood glucose. Personality was found to have no relationship to level of glycemic control either at the beginning of the study or at any point during the study. In contrast, anxiety, depression, and quality of life showed a significant relationship to metabolic control at entry and throughout the study period. Lower anxiety and depression scores and better quality of life scores were recorded for those subjects in good control (HbA1 <8.9%) when compared with those in average control (HbA1 9.0-11.9%) and those in poor control (HbA1 >11.9%) at entry (P = 0.01). At each point during the study the difference between those in good control and those in poor control in terms of anxiety, depression, and quality of life was significant (P = 0.02). Change in glycemic control was found to account for up to 20% of the between-patient variability for these psychosocial parameters.

AB - Eighty-four persons with insulin-dependent diabetes participated in this study to determine whether glycemic control was related to personality, anxiety, depression, and/or quality of life. The subjects were placed on either a conventional treatment regimen consisting of one to two injections of mixed short- and intermediate-acting insulin, with urine testing or an intensive treatment regimen consisting of two or more injections of mixed insulins, with self-monitoring of blood glucose. Personality was found to have no relationship to level of glycemic control either at the beginning of the study or at any point during the study. In contrast, anxiety, depression, and quality of life showed a significant relationship to metabolic control at entry and throughout the study period. Lower anxiety and depression scores and better quality of life scores were recorded for those subjects in good control (HbA1 <8.9%) when compared with those in average control (HbA1 9.0-11.9%) and those in poor control (HbA1 >11.9%) at entry (P = 0.01). At each point during the study the difference between those in good control and those in poor control in terms of anxiety, depression, and quality of life was significant (P = 0.02). Change in glycemic control was found to account for up to 20% of the between-patient variability for these psychosocial parameters.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021130816&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021130816&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6381009

AN - SCOPUS:0021130816

VL - 7

SP - 360

EP - 366

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 4

ER -