Providing reliable prognosis to patients with gastric cancer in the era of neoadjuvant therapies: Comparison of ajcc staging schemata

Gina Kim, Patricia Friedmann, Ian Solsky, Peter Muscarella, John McAuliffe, Haejin In

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Patients with gastric cancer who receive neoadjuvant therapy are staged before treatment (cStage) and after treatment (ypStage). We aimed to compare the prognostic reliability of cStage and ypStage, alone and in combination. Materials and Methods: Data for all patients who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery for gastric adenocarcinoma from 2004 to 2015 were extracted from the National Cancer Database. Kaplan-Meier (KM)curves were used to model overall survival based on cStage alone, ypStage alone, cStage stratified by ypStage, and ypStage stratified by cStage. P-values were generated to summarize the differences in KM curves. The discriminatory power of survival prediction was examined using Harrell's C-statistics. Results: We included 8,977 patients in the analysis. As expected, increasing cStage and ypStage were associated with worse survival. The discriminatory prognostic power provided by cStage was poor (C-statistic 0.548), while that provided by ypStage was moderate (C-statistic 0.634). Within each cStage, the addition of ypStage information significantly altered the prognosis (P<0.0001 within cStages I–IV). However, for each ypStage, the addition of cStage information generally did not alter the prognosis (P=0.2874, 0.027, 0.061, 0.049, and 0.007 within ypStages 0–IV, respectively). The discriminatory prognostic power provided by the combination of cStage and ypStage was similar to that of ypStage alone (C-statistic 0.636 vs. 0.634). Conclusions: The cStage is unreliable for prognosis, and ypStage is moderately reliable. Combining cStage and ypStage does not improve the discriminatory prognostic power provided by ypStage alone. A ypStage-based prognosis is minimally affected by the initial cStage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-394
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gastric Cancer
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Outcomes research
  • Prognosis
  • Stomach
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cancer Research

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