The protonolysis of platinum(II) and palladium(II) methyl complexes has been investigated by both experiment and computation. Previously the protonolysis of (COD)PtII(CH3)2 by CF 3COOY or (dppe)PdII(CH3)2 by CF 3CY2OY (Y = H, D) was found to be accompanied by abnormally large and highly temperature-dependent kinetic isotope effects (KIEs), suggesting the involvement of tunneling. Here we find normal KIEs and no evidence of tunneling for protonolysis of (tmeda)PtII(CH 3)Cl by CF3COOY (Y = H, D). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that protonation at the metal center followed by reductive coupling to the methane σ adduct (stepwise pathway) is favored for Pt complexes with good electron donor ligands, whereas direct protonation of the M-CH3 bond to generate the methane σ adduct (concerted pathway) is favored for Pt with electron-withdrawing ligands as well as for Pd. We suggest that KIE behavior consistent with tunneling may be an experimental indicator of the concerted pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry