Property rights violations as a structural driver of women's HIV risks: A qualitative study in Nyanza and Western Provinces, Kenya

Shari L. Dworkin, Shelly Grabe, Tiffany Lu, Abbey Hatcher, Zachary Kwena, Elizabeth Bukusi, Esther Mwaura-Muiru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While access to and control over assets can minimize women's HIV risk, little is known about the processes through which property rights violations increase the sexual transmission of HIV. The current study focused on two rural areas in Nyanza and Western Province, Kenya where HIV prevalence was high (23.8-33 %) and property rights violations were common. The current work drew on in-depth interview data collected from 50 individuals involved in the development and implementation of a community-led land and property rights program. The program was designed to respond to property rights violations, prevent disinheritance and asset stripping, and reduce HIV risk among women. In our findings, we detailed the social and economic mechanisms through which a loss of property rights was perceived to influence primary and secondary prevention of HIV. These included: loss of income, loss of livelihood and shelter, and migration to slums, markets, or beaches where the exchange of sex for food, money, shelter, clothing, or other goods was common. We also examined the perceived influence of cultural practices, such as wife inheritance, on HIV risk. In the conclusions, we made recommendations for future research in the science-base focused on the development of property ownership as a structural HIV prevention and treatment intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-713
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ownership
Kenya
HIV
Poverty Areas
Clothing
Social Justice
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention
AIDS/HIV
Property Rights
Violations
Qualitative Study
Spouses
Economics
Interviews
Food

Keywords

  • HIV prevention and treatment
  • Kenya
  • Property ownership
  • Sexual risk
  • Structural interventions
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Property rights violations as a structural driver of women's HIV risks : A qualitative study in Nyanza and Western Provinces, Kenya. / Dworkin, Shari L.; Grabe, Shelly; Lu, Tiffany; Hatcher, Abbey; Kwena, Zachary; Bukusi, Elizabeth; Mwaura-Muiru, Esther.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 42, No. 5, 07.2013, p. 703-713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dworkin, Shari L. ; Grabe, Shelly ; Lu, Tiffany ; Hatcher, Abbey ; Kwena, Zachary ; Bukusi, Elizabeth ; Mwaura-Muiru, Esther. / Property rights violations as a structural driver of women's HIV risks : A qualitative study in Nyanza and Western Provinces, Kenya. In: Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 5. pp. 703-713.
@article{b58b518be2714f0599117f13e3c13053,
title = "Property rights violations as a structural driver of women's HIV risks: A qualitative study in Nyanza and Western Provinces, Kenya",
abstract = "While access to and control over assets can minimize women's HIV risk, little is known about the processes through which property rights violations increase the sexual transmission of HIV. The current study focused on two rural areas in Nyanza and Western Province, Kenya where HIV prevalence was high (23.8-33 {\%}) and property rights violations were common. The current work drew on in-depth interview data collected from 50 individuals involved in the development and implementation of a community-led land and property rights program. The program was designed to respond to property rights violations, prevent disinheritance and asset stripping, and reduce HIV risk among women. In our findings, we detailed the social and economic mechanisms through which a loss of property rights was perceived to influence primary and secondary prevention of HIV. These included: loss of income, loss of livelihood and shelter, and migration to slums, markets, or beaches where the exchange of sex for food, money, shelter, clothing, or other goods was common. We also examined the perceived influence of cultural practices, such as wife inheritance, on HIV risk. In the conclusions, we made recommendations for future research in the science-base focused on the development of property ownership as a structural HIV prevention and treatment intervention.",
keywords = "HIV prevention and treatment, Kenya, Property ownership, Sexual risk, Structural interventions, Women",
author = "Dworkin, {Shari L.} and Shelly Grabe and Tiffany Lu and Abbey Hatcher and Zachary Kwena and Elizabeth Bukusi and Esther Mwaura-Muiru",
year = "2013",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s10508-012-0024-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "703--713",
journal = "Archives of Sexual Behavior",
issn = "0004-0002",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Property rights violations as a structural driver of women's HIV risks

T2 - A qualitative study in Nyanza and Western Provinces, Kenya

AU - Dworkin, Shari L.

AU - Grabe, Shelly

AU - Lu, Tiffany

AU - Hatcher, Abbey

AU - Kwena, Zachary

AU - Bukusi, Elizabeth

AU - Mwaura-Muiru, Esther

PY - 2013/7

Y1 - 2013/7

N2 - While access to and control over assets can minimize women's HIV risk, little is known about the processes through which property rights violations increase the sexual transmission of HIV. The current study focused on two rural areas in Nyanza and Western Province, Kenya where HIV prevalence was high (23.8-33 %) and property rights violations were common. The current work drew on in-depth interview data collected from 50 individuals involved in the development and implementation of a community-led land and property rights program. The program was designed to respond to property rights violations, prevent disinheritance and asset stripping, and reduce HIV risk among women. In our findings, we detailed the social and economic mechanisms through which a loss of property rights was perceived to influence primary and secondary prevention of HIV. These included: loss of income, loss of livelihood and shelter, and migration to slums, markets, or beaches where the exchange of sex for food, money, shelter, clothing, or other goods was common. We also examined the perceived influence of cultural practices, such as wife inheritance, on HIV risk. In the conclusions, we made recommendations for future research in the science-base focused on the development of property ownership as a structural HIV prevention and treatment intervention.

AB - While access to and control over assets can minimize women's HIV risk, little is known about the processes through which property rights violations increase the sexual transmission of HIV. The current study focused on two rural areas in Nyanza and Western Province, Kenya where HIV prevalence was high (23.8-33 %) and property rights violations were common. The current work drew on in-depth interview data collected from 50 individuals involved in the development and implementation of a community-led land and property rights program. The program was designed to respond to property rights violations, prevent disinheritance and asset stripping, and reduce HIV risk among women. In our findings, we detailed the social and economic mechanisms through which a loss of property rights was perceived to influence primary and secondary prevention of HIV. These included: loss of income, loss of livelihood and shelter, and migration to slums, markets, or beaches where the exchange of sex for food, money, shelter, clothing, or other goods was common. We also examined the perceived influence of cultural practices, such as wife inheritance, on HIV risk. In the conclusions, we made recommendations for future research in the science-base focused on the development of property ownership as a structural HIV prevention and treatment intervention.

KW - HIV prevention and treatment

KW - Kenya

KW - Property ownership

KW - Sexual risk

KW - Structural interventions

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881664799&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881664799&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10508-012-0024-6

DO - 10.1007/s10508-012-0024-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 23179234

AN - SCOPUS:84881664799

VL - 42

SP - 703

EP - 713

JO - Archives of Sexual Behavior

JF - Archives of Sexual Behavior

SN - 0004-0002

IS - 5

ER -