Properties of the mouse α-globin HS-26: Relationship to HS-40, the major enhancer of human α-globin gene expression

Eric E. Bouhassira, Menno F. Kielman, John Gilman, Mary F. Fabry, Sandy Suzuka, Ofelia Leone, Ekatarinas Gikas, Luigi F. Bernini, Ronald L. Nagel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HS-26, the mouse homologue of HS-40, is the major regulatory element of the mouse α-globin gene locus. Like HS-40, HS-26 is located within an intron of a house-keeping gene; comparison of the nucleotide sequences of HS-26 and HS-40 reveals conservation of the sequences and positions of several DNA binding motifs in the 5' regions of both elements (3 GATA, 2 NFE-2, and 1 CACCC sites) and the absence in HS-26 of three CACCC sites and one GATA site that are present in the 3' region of HS-40, suggesting that the two elements might not be identical. We report here that when HS-26 is linked to a 1.5 kb Pstl human α-globin gene fragment, it has a weak enhancer activity in induced MEL cells and in transgenic embryos, and it does not have any detectable activity in adult transgenic mice. This suggests that HS-26 does not have Locus Control Region (LCR) activity but can act as an enhancer during the embryonic life when integrated at a permissive locus. To further test the importance of HS-26 at its natural locus, we have generated embryonic stem cells and chimeric animals in which 350 bp containing HS-26 have been replaced by a neomycin resistance gene by homologous recombination. The sizes of the chimeras' red cells were then estimated by measuring forward scattering on a FacsScan apparatus in hypotonic conditions. This revealed that a fraction of the chimeric animals' red cells were smaller than normal mouse red cells and were very similar to cells from mice heterozygous for α-thalassemia. Density gradient analysis also suggested the presence of thalassemic cells. These results indicated that despite its lack of LCR activity, HS-26 is important for the regulation of the mouse α-globin gene locus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Globins
Gene Expression
Locus Control Region
Genes
Nucleotide Motifs
Thalassemia
Neomycin
Homologous Recombination
Essential Genes
Embryonic Stem Cells
Introns
Transgenic Mice
Embryonic Structures

Keywords

  • α-globin
  • Enhancer
  • Hyper-sensitive site
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Properties of the mouse α-globin HS-26 : Relationship to HS-40, the major enhancer of human α-globin gene expression. / Bouhassira, Eric E.; Kielman, Menno F.; Gilman, John; Fabry, Mary F.; Suzuka, Sandy; Leone, Ofelia; Gikas, Ekatarinas; Bernini, Luigi F.; Nagel, Ronald L.

In: American Journal of Hematology, Vol. 54, No. 1, 1997, p. 30-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bouhassira, Eric E. ; Kielman, Menno F. ; Gilman, John ; Fabry, Mary F. ; Suzuka, Sandy ; Leone, Ofelia ; Gikas, Ekatarinas ; Bernini, Luigi F. ; Nagel, Ronald L. / Properties of the mouse α-globin HS-26 : Relationship to HS-40, the major enhancer of human α-globin gene expression. In: American Journal of Hematology. 1997 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 30-39.
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AU - Gilman, John

AU - Fabry, Mary F.

AU - Suzuka, Sandy

AU - Leone, Ofelia

AU - Gikas, Ekatarinas

AU - Bernini, Luigi F.

AU - Nagel, Ronald L.

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