Prolonged exposure to glucose degradation products impairs viability and function of human peritoneal mesothelial cells

J. Witowski, J. Wisniewska, K. Korybalska, T. O. Bender, A. Breborowicz, G. M. Gahl, U. Frei, J. Passlick-Deetjen, A. Jörres

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Abstract

Bioincompatibility of peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) has been linked to the presence of glucose degradation products (GDP). Previous experiments have shown that short-term exposure to several GDP at concentrations found in commercially available PDF had no significant effect on human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). During continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, however, cells are continually exposed to GDP for extended periods of time. Thus, the impact of GDP on HPMC during long-term exposure was assessed. HPMC were cultured for up to 36 d in the presence of 6 identified GDP (acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, furaldehyde, glyoxal, methylglyoxal, and 5-HMF) at doses that reflect their concentrations in conventional PDF. At regular time intervals, the ability of HPMC to secrete cytokines (interleukin-6 [IL-6]) and extracellular matrix molecules (fibronectin) was evaluated. In addition, cell viability, morphology, and proliferative potential were assessed. Exposure to GDP resulted in a significant reduction in mesothelial IL-6 and fibronectin release. Approximately 80% of this decrease occurred during the first 12 d of the exposure and was paralleled by a gradual loss of cell viability and development of morphologic alterations. After 36 d of exposure, the number of cells in GDP-treated cultures was reduced by nearly 60%. However, GDP-treated cells were able to resume normal proliferation when transferred to a normal GDP-free medium. HPMC viability and function may be impaired during long-term exposure to clinically relevant concentrations of GDP, which suggests a potential role of GDP in the pathogenesis of peritoneal membrane dysfunction during chronic peritoneal dialysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2434-2441
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume12
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 12 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Witowski, J., Wisniewska, J., Korybalska, K., Bender, T. O., Breborowicz, A., Gahl, G. M., Frei, U., Passlick-Deetjen, J., & Jörres, A. (2001). Prolonged exposure to glucose degradation products impairs viability and function of human peritoneal mesothelial cells. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 12(11), 2434-2441.