Prognostic significance of preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction and valve lesion in patients with aortic valve replacement

Robert Forman, Brian G. Firth, Marius S. Barnard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

After aortic valve replacement, depressed left ventricular function, as assessed from the preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, has been reported to improve significantly in patients with aortic stenosis, but to improve little or to a lesser degree In patients with aortic regurgitation. Accordingly, the effect of preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction and other variables on postoperative survival was examined in 229 patients after aortic valve replacement. The preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac index and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure were found not to affect the 3 year postoperative survival rate in patients with aortic stenosis and mixed aortic valve disease. However, patients with aortic regurgitation and a left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 0.50 had a significantly poorer 3 year survival rate (64 ± 10 percent) than patients with aortic regurgitation and an ejection fraction of 0.50 or more (91 ± 8 percent) (p <0.02). The 3 year postoperative survival rate in patients with a reduced cardiac index (less than 2.5 liters/min per m2) and aortic regurgitation was also significantly lower (63 ± 10 percent) than the rate in patients with aortic regurgitation and a normal cardiac index (p <0.02). There was less significance in the difference between the 3 year postoperative survival rate of patients with aortic regurgitation whose left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was 15 mm Hg or less and those whose pressure was greater than 15 mm Hg (p <0.05). Thus, it may be advisable to monitor left ventricular ejection fraction noninvasively in patients with aortic regurgitation and to advise aortic valve replacement before the ejection fraction becomes severely depressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1120-1125
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic significance of preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction and valve lesion in patients with aortic valve replacement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this