Probing the role of dynamics in hydride transfer catalyzed by lactate dehydrogenase

Nickolay Zhadin, Miriam Gulotta, Robert Callender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamic nature of the interconversion of pyruvate to lactate as catalyzed by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is characterized by laser-induced temperature jump relaxation spectroscopy with a resolution of 20 ns. An equilibrium system of LDH·NADH plus pyruvate and LDH·NAD + plus lactate is perturbed by a sudden T-jump, and the relaxation of the system is monitored by NADH emission and absorption changes. The substrate binding pathway is observed to be similar, although not identical, to previous work on substrate mimics: an encounter complex is formed between LDH·NADH and pyruvate, which collapses to the active Michaelis complex. The previously unresolved hydride transfer event is characterized and separated from other unimolecular isomerizations of the protein important for the catalytic mechanism, such as loop closure, a slower step, and faster events on the nanosecond-microsecond timescales whose structural basis is not understood. The results of this study show that this approach can be applied quite generally to enzyme systems and report on the dynamic nature of proteins over a very wide time range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1974-1984
Number of pages11
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

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Pyruvic Acid
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Lactic Acid
NAD
Spectrum Analysis
Proteins
Lasers
Temperature
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this

Probing the role of dynamics in hydride transfer catalyzed by lactate dehydrogenase. / Zhadin, Nickolay; Gulotta, Miriam; Callender, Robert.

In: Biophysical Journal, Vol. 95, No. 4, 15.08.2008, p. 1974-1984.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhadin, Nickolay ; Gulotta, Miriam ; Callender, Robert. / Probing the role of dynamics in hydride transfer catalyzed by lactate dehydrogenase. In: Biophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 95, No. 4. pp. 1974-1984.
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