Probing the hemoglobin central cavity by direct quantification of effector binding using fluorescence lifetime methods

David S. Gottfried, Laura J. Juszczak, Nazim A. Fataliev, A. Seetharama Acharya, Rhoda Elison Hirsch, Joel M. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


Time-resolved fluorescence methods have been used to show that 8- hydroxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate (HPT), a fluorescent analog of 2,3- diphosphoglycerate, binds to the central cavity of carboxyhemoglobin A (HbACO) at pH 6.35. A direct quantitative approach, based on the distinctive free and bound HPT fluorescent lifetimes of 5.6 ns and 27 ps, respectively, was developed to measure the binding affinity of this probe. HPT binds to a single site and is displaced by inositol hexaphosphate at a 1:1 mol ratio, indicating that binding occurs at the 2,3-diphosphoglycerate site in the central cavity. Furthermore, the results imply that low pH HbACO exists as an altered R state and not an equilibrium mixture of R and T states. The probe was also used to monitor competitive effector binding and to compare the affinity of the binding site in several cross-bridged HbA derivatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1578
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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