Principles of three-dimensional printing and clinical applications within the abdomen and pelvis

Sarah Bastawrous, Nicole Wake, Dmitry Levin, Beth Ripley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Improvements in technology and reduction in costs have led to widespread interest in three-dimensional (3D) printing. 3D-printed anatomical models contribute to personalized medicine, surgical planning, and education across medical specialties, and these models are rapidly changing the landscape of clinical practice. A physical object that can be held in one’s hands allows for significant advantages over standard two-dimensional (2D) or even 3D computer-based virtual models. Radiologists have the potential to play a significant role as consultants and educators across all specialties by providing 3D-printed models that enhance clinical care. This article reviews the basics of 3D printing, including how models are created from imaging data, clinical applications of 3D printing within the abdomen and pelvis, implications for education and training, limitations, and future directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2809-2822
Number of pages14
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • 3-D printing
  • 3D printing
  • Abdominal imaging
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Pre-surgical planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology


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