Prevalence, risk factors, and treatment for women with stress urinary incontinence in a racially and ethnically diverse population

Keneta Mckellar, Nitya E. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Aims: Black women may have lower rates of SUI than Whites, whereas the rate of SUI in Hispanic women varies. Most studies have been conducted in predominantly White populations, making it difficult to evaluate race and SUI. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SUI in a diverse population and examine racial/ethnic differences in risk factors and treatment. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of women ≥21 years with SUI seen at our medical center from June 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016. Risk factors measured included age, BMI, SES, diabetes, smoking, Charlson comorbidity index, hysterectomy, and pregnancy. SUI management included consultation with a specialist and active treatment (physical therapy, pessary use, or incontinence surgery). ANOVA, chi-square, and multivariable logistic regression were used to evaluate race and SUI. Results: The prevalence rate was 4.65 per 100 women (5557 cases/119 452 women). Hispanics comprised the majority (54.13% n = 3008), followed by Blacks (23.54% n = 1308), Other (12.74% n = 708), and Whites (9.59% n = 532). Black women were less likely to consult with a specialist or undergo treatment compared to White and Hispanic women, which persisted in multivariable analysis. Women classified as other were more likely to undergo active treatment in the logistic regression model. Conclusion: SUI prevalence was highest in Hispanics, despite risk factors being more common in Black women. Black women were less likely to consult with a specialist. Mixed or unknown race/ethnicity women were more likely to undergo active treatment. Future studies will evaluate if racial/ethnic differences in SUI management are due to patient preference or provider practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019



  • female
  • health status disparities
  • Hispanic American
  • prevalence
  • risk factors
  • urinary stress incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Urology

Cite this