Prenatal ethanol exposure alters the cytoskeleton and induces glycoprotein microheterogeneity in rat newborn hepatocytes

Inmaculada Azorín, Manuel Portolés, Pilar Marín, Francisco Lazaro-Dieguez, Luis Megías, Gustavo Egea, Jaime Renau-Piqueras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims: Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEA) increases both liver weight and total protein content in the Golgi complex and alters its morphological and functional properties. As PEA-induced protein retention could be the synergetic consequence of alterations in the cytoskeleton and in the glycan biosynthesis, and there are no data that in liver PEA perturbs the cytoskeleton, we examined in hepatocytes whether PEA affects the main cytoskeleton elements. We also analysed whether ethanol induces glycoprotein microheterogeneity by altering the sugar composition of glycoproteins. Methods: Livers from 0-day newborn control and PEA rats were used. The carbohydrate moiety of glycoproteins was determined by lectin blotting. The content and intracellular distribution of cytoskeleton proteins was analysed using immunoblotting, immunofluorescence and immunogold. Results: PEA delayed the post-Golgi transport of albumin but not of transferrin. PEA also increased the levels of cytokeratin and tubulin, but it decreased the amount of tubulin capable of assembling into functional microtubules. PEA perturbed the distribution of cytokeratin and tubulin and induced microheterogeneity in several glycoproteins. Conclusions: PEA-induced retention of proteins in fetal hepatocytes could be the result of an alteration of glycoprotein biosynthesis and cytoskeleton-mediated transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-212
Number of pages10
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Cytoskeleton
Rats
Hepatocytes
Glycoproteins
Ethanol
Tubulin
Liver
Biosynthesis
Keratins
Proteins
Fetal Proteins
Golgi Apparatus
Transferrin
Immunoblotting
Lectins
Microtubules
Sugars
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Polysaccharides
Albumins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Prenatal ethanol exposure alters the cytoskeleton and induces glycoprotein microheterogeneity in rat newborn hepatocytes. / Azorín, Inmaculada; Portolés, Manuel; Marín, Pilar; Lazaro-Dieguez, Francisco; Megías, Luis; Egea, Gustavo; Renau-Piqueras, Jaime.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 39, No. 3, 05.2004, p. 203-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azorín, Inmaculada ; Portolés, Manuel ; Marín, Pilar ; Lazaro-Dieguez, Francisco ; Megías, Luis ; Egea, Gustavo ; Renau-Piqueras, Jaime. / Prenatal ethanol exposure alters the cytoskeleton and induces glycoprotein microheterogeneity in rat newborn hepatocytes. In: Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2004 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 203-212.
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AU - Renau-Piqueras, Jaime

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