The 3-vessel and trachea view is now integrated into obstetrical screening and facilitates prenatal detection of vascular rings. We examined trends in prenatal detection, associated cardiac and extracardiac anomalies, and surgical management in this population. We reviewed a population-based cohort of pediatric vascular ring patients diagnosed prenatally and postnatally between 2002 and 2017 in Alberta, Canada. Of 106 cases, 28 (26%) had a prenatal diagnosis. Prenatal detection increased over time: 0/29 from 2002 to 2009, 4/28 (14%) from 2009 to 2011, 7/23 (30%) from 2012 to 2014, and 17/26 (65%) from 2015 to 2017 (p <0.01). The prenatal group more commonly had right aortic arch/left ductus/aberrant left subclavian artery (24/28vs 53/78, p = 0.04) and associated cardiac pathology (18/28vs 33/78, p = 0.05). The rate of genetic anomalies was overall higher than previously reported (34%) and did not differ between groups (11/28vs 25/78, p = 0.48). Those with a prenatal diagnosis were less likely to require cross-sectional imaging (9/28vs 48/78, p <0.01), modifying the vascular ring subtype diagnosis in 2 patients. Surgical intervention was common and did not differ between groups (24/28vs 66/78, p = 0.89). In conclusion, prenatal detection of vascular rings has increased. Despite differences in vascular ring subtype and associated cardiac pathology, the incidence of genetic anomalies and need for surgical intervention is not associated with timing of diagnosis. Genetic counseling should be universally offered. The diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography suggests additional imaging may not be routinely required.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine