Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada)

Daniel J. Kim, Richard P. Gallagher, T. Gregory Hislop, Eric J. Holowaty, Geoffrey R. Howe, Meera Jain, John R. McLaughlin, Chong Ze Teh, Thomas E. Rohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the associations between prediagnostic energy, fat, and vitamin A intake and survival from prostate cancer. Methods: Two hundred and seven cases of prostate cancer from Toronto and 201 cases from Vancouver provided diet histories at diagnosis between 1989 and 1992 and were followed for survival from prostate cancer. After exclusions for various reasons, 263 cases (135 from Toronto, 128 from Vancouver) were analyzed in Cox proportional hazards models. Results: Following adjustments for clinical stage, histologic grade, and other factors, significantly lower risks of dying from prostate cancer in the highest compared with the lowest tertiles of monounsaturated fat intakes were observed in each city and in the combined city analyses (combined cities: hazard ratio [HR] = 0.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.1-0.7). Survival from prostate cancer was significantly better for cases in the highest tertile of energy intake in Toronto (HR = 0.1; CI = 0.01-0.6) in contrast to that in Vancouver where these cases did relatively worse (HR = 2.6; CI = 0.6-10.7). Other nutrients were either not consistently or not significantly associated with prostate cancer survival in the two cities. Conclusions: This bi-center cohort study observed a consistent and significant inverse association between the premorbid intake of monounsaturated fat and risk of death from prostate cancer. The inconsistent results for energy intake between cities could potentially be attributed to non-respondent bias in Toronto.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-77
Number of pages13
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Canada
Prostatic Neoplasms
Diet
Fats
Confidence Intervals
Energy Intake
Vitamin A
Proportional Hazards Models
Cohort Studies
Food

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Monounsaturated fatty acids
  • Prostate cancer
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Kim, D. J., Gallagher, R. P., Hislop, T. G., Holowaty, E. J., Howe, G. R., Jain, M., ... Rohan, T. E. (2000). Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada). Cancer Causes and Control, 11(1), 65-77.

Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada). / Kim, Daniel J.; Gallagher, Richard P.; Hislop, T. Gregory; Holowaty, Eric J.; Howe, Geoffrey R.; Jain, Meera; McLaughlin, John R.; Teh, Chong Ze; Rohan, Thomas E.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2000, p. 65-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, DJ, Gallagher, RP, Hislop, TG, Holowaty, EJ, Howe, GR, Jain, M, McLaughlin, JR, Teh, CZ & Rohan, TE 2000, 'Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada)', Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 65-77.
Kim DJ, Gallagher RP, Hislop TG, Holowaty EJ, Howe GR, Jain M et al. Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada). Cancer Causes and Control. 2000;11(1):65-77.
Kim, Daniel J. ; Gallagher, Richard P. ; Hislop, T. Gregory ; Holowaty, Eric J. ; Howe, Geoffrey R. ; Jain, Meera ; McLaughlin, John R. ; Teh, Chong Ze ; Rohan, Thomas E. / Premorbid diet in relation to survival from prostate cancer (Canada). In: Cancer Causes and Control. 2000 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 65-77.
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