Pregnant and Postpartum People with Substance Use Disorders: Understanding the Obstetrical Care Provider’ s Roles and Responsibilities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peripartum individuals with substance misuse are a high-risk population that challenge clinicians and child welfare specialists alike. Federal legislation was updated in 2016 with the Comprehensive Addiction Recovery Act (CARA) to improve care via expanded screening and treatment referrals for peripartum women with substance misuse. The implementation of CARA requires providers to update their policies and procedures in order to meet the requirements outlined by this legislation. As this is a new process, this paper reviews the new administrative reporting and safety planning requirements relevant to obstetrical care providers and provides examples of best practice for different clinical scenarios. Given the variable state laws, confidentiality concerns, influence of stigma and health inequities on substance use treatment, and the fragmented healthcare system, implementation of CARA will challenge obstetric, pediatric, and mental health care providers along with child welfare services. All entities involved must work together to create effective and efficient protocols to address the CARA requirements. Health systems must also evaluate and update methods and interventions to assure that policies improve family stability and well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMaternal and child health journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Child welfare
  • Comprehensive Addiction Recovery Act
  • Maternal substance use
  • Obstetrics
  • Plan of Safe Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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