Predictors of walking by sedentary older women

E. A. Dornelas, C. Swencionis, Judith Wylie-Rosett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that self-efficacy and psychological well-being are positively related to the adoption of walking by sedentary older women. Older women (n = 218, mean age = 70 years) participating in a minimal intervention weight reduction program were evaluated at baseline using a battery of psychological and physical health measures. Participants were followed for 2 years after program enrolment. Sedentary women who adopted routine walking (n = 26) were compared on baseline variables with sedentary women who had no change in physical activity (n = 41) over 2 years. The Self-Efficacy for Exercise Behaviors Scale, the Psychological General Well-Being Schedule, and a Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Sedentary women who adopted activity (adopters) had significantly higher self-efficacy for exercise and psychologic well-being at baseline than did women who remained sedentary (nonadopters). Adopters were more likely to be able to stick with the exercise routine and reported more positive general health perceptions and effect. Nonadopters were likely to report feeling depressed and fearful about their health. Secondary analysis showed that adopters lost an average of 8.8 lbs at 2 years postbaseline as compared with no weight change among nonadopters. The results imply that self-efficacy, subjective well-being, perceptions of health, and depressed mood play important roles in the conscious decision to incorporate physical activity into daily routines for older women. These findings may be of interest to clinicians who prescribe physical activity to their older, female patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Walking
Exercise
Self Efficacy
Health
Psychology
Weight Reduction Programs
Appointments and Schedules
Emotions
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Predictors of walking by sedentary older women. / Dornelas, E. A.; Swencionis, C.; Wylie-Rosett, Judith.

In: Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1994, p. 283-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dornelas, EA, Swencionis, C & Wylie-Rosett, J 1994, 'Predictors of walking by sedentary older women', Journal of Women's Health, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 283-290.
Dornelas, E. A. ; Swencionis, C. ; Wylie-Rosett, Judith. / Predictors of walking by sedentary older women. In: Journal of Women's Health. 1994 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 283-290.
@article{2046ae131f6341f2a8ae2b744a6151d3,
title = "Predictors of walking by sedentary older women",
abstract = "This study tested the hypothesis that self-efficacy and psychological well-being are positively related to the adoption of walking by sedentary older women. Older women (n = 218, mean age = 70 years) participating in a minimal intervention weight reduction program were evaluated at baseline using a battery of psychological and physical health measures. Participants were followed for 2 years after program enrolment. Sedentary women who adopted routine walking (n = 26) were compared on baseline variables with sedentary women who had no change in physical activity (n = 41) over 2 years. The Self-Efficacy for Exercise Behaviors Scale, the Psychological General Well-Being Schedule, and a Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Sedentary women who adopted activity (adopters) had significantly higher self-efficacy for exercise and psychologic well-being at baseline than did women who remained sedentary (nonadopters). Adopters were more likely to be able to stick with the exercise routine and reported more positive general health perceptions and effect. Nonadopters were likely to report feeling depressed and fearful about their health. Secondary analysis showed that adopters lost an average of 8.8 lbs at 2 years postbaseline as compared with no weight change among nonadopters. The results imply that self-efficacy, subjective well-being, perceptions of health, and depressed mood play important roles in the conscious decision to incorporate physical activity into daily routines for older women. These findings may be of interest to clinicians who prescribe physical activity to their older, female patients.",
author = "Dornelas, {E. A.} and C. Swencionis and Judith Wylie-Rosett",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "283--290",
journal = "Journal of Women's Health",
issn = "1540-9996",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of walking by sedentary older women

AU - Dornelas, E. A.

AU - Swencionis, C.

AU - Wylie-Rosett, Judith

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - This study tested the hypothesis that self-efficacy and psychological well-being are positively related to the adoption of walking by sedentary older women. Older women (n = 218, mean age = 70 years) participating in a minimal intervention weight reduction program were evaluated at baseline using a battery of psychological and physical health measures. Participants were followed for 2 years after program enrolment. Sedentary women who adopted routine walking (n = 26) were compared on baseline variables with sedentary women who had no change in physical activity (n = 41) over 2 years. The Self-Efficacy for Exercise Behaviors Scale, the Psychological General Well-Being Schedule, and a Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Sedentary women who adopted activity (adopters) had significantly higher self-efficacy for exercise and psychologic well-being at baseline than did women who remained sedentary (nonadopters). Adopters were more likely to be able to stick with the exercise routine and reported more positive general health perceptions and effect. Nonadopters were likely to report feeling depressed and fearful about their health. Secondary analysis showed that adopters lost an average of 8.8 lbs at 2 years postbaseline as compared with no weight change among nonadopters. The results imply that self-efficacy, subjective well-being, perceptions of health, and depressed mood play important roles in the conscious decision to incorporate physical activity into daily routines for older women. These findings may be of interest to clinicians who prescribe physical activity to their older, female patients.

AB - This study tested the hypothesis that self-efficacy and psychological well-being are positively related to the adoption of walking by sedentary older women. Older women (n = 218, mean age = 70 years) participating in a minimal intervention weight reduction program were evaluated at baseline using a battery of psychological and physical health measures. Participants were followed for 2 years after program enrolment. Sedentary women who adopted routine walking (n = 26) were compared on baseline variables with sedentary women who had no change in physical activity (n = 41) over 2 years. The Self-Efficacy for Exercise Behaviors Scale, the Psychological General Well-Being Schedule, and a Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Sedentary women who adopted activity (adopters) had significantly higher self-efficacy for exercise and psychologic well-being at baseline than did women who remained sedentary (nonadopters). Adopters were more likely to be able to stick with the exercise routine and reported more positive general health perceptions and effect. Nonadopters were likely to report feeling depressed and fearful about their health. Secondary analysis showed that adopters lost an average of 8.8 lbs at 2 years postbaseline as compared with no weight change among nonadopters. The results imply that self-efficacy, subjective well-being, perceptions of health, and depressed mood play important roles in the conscious decision to incorporate physical activity into daily routines for older women. These findings may be of interest to clinicians who prescribe physical activity to their older, female patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028561951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028561951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0028561951

VL - 3

SP - 283

EP - 290

JO - Journal of Women's Health

JF - Journal of Women's Health

SN - 1540-9996

IS - 4

ER -