Predictive value of linear-quadratic model in the treatment of cervical cancer using high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Brij Sood, Madhur Garg, Jai Avadhani, Giridhar Gorla, Harish Malhotra, Chandan Guha, Shivaji Deore, Bhadrasain Vikram

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether a dose-response relationship exists between the biologic effective dose (BED) at Point A and the bladder and rectum and the clinical outcomes in our experience with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and high-dose-rate brachytherapy in the treatment of cervical carcinoma. Methods and Materials: This was a retrospective study. A total of 49 patients with cervical cancer were treated with a combination of EBRT (median 45 Gy, range 41.4-50.4) and high-dose-rate brachytherapy (median 18 Gy; range 18-19, in two fractions). Twenty-three patients received concomitant cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The cumulative BEDs were calculated at Point A (BED10) and at bladder and rectal reference points (BED3) using the linear-quadratic equation. The BED10 values, after incorporating a time factor (BED10tf) in the formula, were also calculated. Results: In patients treated with RT alone, the local failure rate was 10% (1 of 10) and 19% (3 of 16) in patients receiving a BED10 >89 Gy10 or <89 Gy10 to Point A, respectively (p = 0.2). The corresponding local failure rates were 20% (3 of 15) and 0% (0 of 8) in patients treated with concomitant chemotherapy (p = 0.3). In patients treated with RT alone, the local failure rate was 7.7% (1 of 13) and 23% (3 of 13) in patients with a BED10tf >64 Gy10 or <64 Gy10 (p = 0.1), respectively. The median BED3 values at the rectal and bladder point was 95.5 Gy3 and 103.6 Gy3, respectively. Only 1 case of Grade 2 late rectal toxicity (2%) and no late bladder toxicity occurred. Conclusion: In patients treated with RT alone, a BED10 >89 Gy and a BED10tf >64 Gy indicated a trend toward a better local control rate. This difference was not observed in patients receiving chemotherapy. A BED3 <100 Gy3 was associated with negligible late toxicity. Although the BED10 in our study was about 10-15 Gy10 less than that in the published data, the 4-year local control rate of 80% and 83% and disease-free survival rate of 75% and 70% with and without chemotherapy, respectively, compare well with the rates in other studies in the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1377-1387
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Biological equivalent dose
  • Cervical cancer
  • Linear-quadratic model
  • Radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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