Background Previous studies have shown remarkable decrease in size of the left ventricle after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation due to mechanical unloading. However, a certain number of patients continue to have significant mitral regurgitation (MR) under LVAD support. We investigated pre-operative echocardiographic features associated with persistent MR after LVAD implantation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 82 consecutive patients undergoing continuous-flow LVAD implantation between 2007 and 2010. We obtained echocardiograms performed within 2 weeks before and 1 week after surgery. We investigated the pre-operative echocardiographic findings associated with significant MR post-LVAD and compared 1-year mortality after LVAD surgery between patients with and without significant MR post-LVAD. Results MR was significant in 43 patients (52.4%) before LVAD surgery. Among those, 5 underwent concomitant mitral valve repair (MVr) at the time of LVAD implantation. Of the remaining 38 patients, 25 (65.8%) showed improvement of MR, whereas 13 patients (34.2%) continued to have significant MR post-LVAD. Multivariate analysis revealed that posterior displacement of the coaptation point of mitral leaflets was significantly associated with significant MR post-LVAD (hazard ratio, 1.335; 95% confidence interval, 1.035-1.721; p = 0.026) even after adjusting for the amount of pre-operative MR flow. Post-LVAD 1-year survival of patients with and without significant MR post-LVAD was not significantly different (92.3% vs 89.1%, p = 0.826). Conclusions Pre-LVAD posterior displacement of mitral leaflets may be indicative of post-operative significant MR, which would help identify echocardiographic features of functional MR refractory to simple volume reduction of the ventricle.
- heart failure
- mitral regurgitation
- ventricular assist device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine