Background: The outcomes of congenital scoliosis (CS) patients undergoing hemivertebra (HV) resection surgery with a 2-level fusion versus a >2-level fusion are unclear. We hypothesized that CS patients undergoing HV resection and a >2-level fusion have decreased curve progression and reoperation rates compared with 2-level fusions. Methods: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data from a multicenter scoliosis database. Fifty-three CS patients (average age 4.5, range 1.2 to 10.9 y) at index surgery were included. Radiographic and surgical parameters, complications, as well as revision surgery rates were tracked at a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Results: Twenty-six patients had a 2-level fusion while 27 patients had a >2-level fusion with similar age and body mass index between groups. The HV was located in the lumbar spine for 69% (18/26) 2-level fusions and 30% (8/27) >2-level fusions (P=0.006). Segmental HV scoliosis curve was smaller in 2-level fusions compared to >2-level fusions preoperatively (38 vs. 50 degrees, P=0.016) and at follow-up (25 vs. 34 degrees, P=0.038). Preoperative T2-T12 (28 vs. 41 degrees, P=0.013) and segmental kyphosis (11 vs. 23 degrees, P=0.046) were smaller in 2-level fusions, but did not differ significantly at postoperative follow-up (32 vs. 39 degrees, P=0.22; 13 vs. 11 degrees, P=0.64, respectively). Furthermore, the 2 groups did not significantly differ in terms of surgical complications (27% vs. 22%, P=0.69; 2-level fusion vs. >2-level fusion, respectively), unplanned revision surgery rate (23% vs. 22%, 0.94), growing rod placement or extension of spinal fusion (15% vs. 15%, P=0.95), or health-related quality of life per the EOS-Questionnaire 24 (EOSQ-24). Comparison of patients with or without the need for growing rod placement or posterior spinal fusion revealed no significant differences in all parameters analyzed. Conclusions: Two-level and >2-level fusions can control congenital curves successfully. No differences existed in curve correction, proximal junctional kyphosis or complications between short and long-level fusion after HV resection. Both short and long level fusions are viable options and generate similar risk of revision. The decision should be individualized by patient and surgeon.
- congenital scoliosis
- early onset scoliosis
- hemivertebra resection
- posterior spinal fusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine