Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Role of imaging in diagnosis

Tony T. Lee, Mary E. Rausch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in women of reproductive age and carries with it significant health risks, including infertility, endometrial hyperplasia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The workup of PCOS has evolved to include the use of pelvic ultrasonography (US). Ovarian imaging is crucial in the evaluation of patients with suspected PCOS. Although findings of polycystic ovaries are commonly seen at routine US and are frequently not associated with PCOS, awareness of the criteria and definitions used in the diagnosis of PCOS is important, especially in patients who are being evaluated for ovulatory dysfunction or hyperandrogenism. The imaging report should be specific and should include ovarian volumes and antral follicle counts, in addition to other pertinent findings (eg, the presence of a dominant follicle or corpus luteum). Because patients are frequently referred for radiologic imaging as a part of clinical workup, and polycystic ovaries are a common incidental finding in women undergoing US for other gynecologic complaints, radiologists should be aware of the current diagnostic criteria for PCOS, the role of imaging in workup for this abnormality, and the pertinent reporting parameters for pelvic US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1643-1657
Number of pages15
JournalRadiographics
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Ultrasonography
Ovary
Hyperandrogenism
Endometrial Hyperplasia
Incidental Findings
Corpus Luteum
Infertility
Cardiovascular Diseases
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Polycystic ovarian syndrome : Role of imaging in diagnosis. / Lee, Tony T.; Rausch, Mary E.

In: Radiographics, Vol. 32, No. 6, 10.2012, p. 1643-1657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Tony T. ; Rausch, Mary E. / Polycystic ovarian syndrome : Role of imaging in diagnosis. In: Radiographics. 2012 ; Vol. 32, No. 6. pp. 1643-1657.
@article{da8c8ba6f9e3495287ff9e7e31139a51,
title = "Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Role of imaging in diagnosis",
abstract = "Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in women of reproductive age and carries with it significant health risks, including infertility, endometrial hyperplasia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The workup of PCOS has evolved to include the use of pelvic ultrasonography (US). Ovarian imaging is crucial in the evaluation of patients with suspected PCOS. Although findings of polycystic ovaries are commonly seen at routine US and are frequently not associated with PCOS, awareness of the criteria and definitions used in the diagnosis of PCOS is important, especially in patients who are being evaluated for ovulatory dysfunction or hyperandrogenism. The imaging report should be specific and should include ovarian volumes and antral follicle counts, in addition to other pertinent findings (eg, the presence of a dominant follicle or corpus luteum). Because patients are frequently referred for radiologic imaging as a part of clinical workup, and polycystic ovaries are a common incidental finding in women undergoing US for other gynecologic complaints, radiologists should be aware of the current diagnostic criteria for PCOS, the role of imaging in workup for this abnormality, and the pertinent reporting parameters for pelvic US.",
author = "Lee, {Tony T.} and Rausch, {Mary E.}",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1148/rg.326125503",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "1643--1657",
journal = "Radiographics",
issn = "0271-5333",
publisher = "Radiological Society of North America Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polycystic ovarian syndrome

T2 - Role of imaging in diagnosis

AU - Lee, Tony T.

AU - Rausch, Mary E.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in women of reproductive age and carries with it significant health risks, including infertility, endometrial hyperplasia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The workup of PCOS has evolved to include the use of pelvic ultrasonography (US). Ovarian imaging is crucial in the evaluation of patients with suspected PCOS. Although findings of polycystic ovaries are commonly seen at routine US and are frequently not associated with PCOS, awareness of the criteria and definitions used in the diagnosis of PCOS is important, especially in patients who are being evaluated for ovulatory dysfunction or hyperandrogenism. The imaging report should be specific and should include ovarian volumes and antral follicle counts, in addition to other pertinent findings (eg, the presence of a dominant follicle or corpus luteum). Because patients are frequently referred for radiologic imaging as a part of clinical workup, and polycystic ovaries are a common incidental finding in women undergoing US for other gynecologic complaints, radiologists should be aware of the current diagnostic criteria for PCOS, the role of imaging in workup for this abnormality, and the pertinent reporting parameters for pelvic US.

AB - Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in women of reproductive age and carries with it significant health risks, including infertility, endometrial hyperplasia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The workup of PCOS has evolved to include the use of pelvic ultrasonography (US). Ovarian imaging is crucial in the evaluation of patients with suspected PCOS. Although findings of polycystic ovaries are commonly seen at routine US and are frequently not associated with PCOS, awareness of the criteria and definitions used in the diagnosis of PCOS is important, especially in patients who are being evaluated for ovulatory dysfunction or hyperandrogenism. The imaging report should be specific and should include ovarian volumes and antral follicle counts, in addition to other pertinent findings (eg, the presence of a dominant follicle or corpus luteum). Because patients are frequently referred for radiologic imaging as a part of clinical workup, and polycystic ovaries are a common incidental finding in women undergoing US for other gynecologic complaints, radiologists should be aware of the current diagnostic criteria for PCOS, the role of imaging in workup for this abnormality, and the pertinent reporting parameters for pelvic US.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84867593495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84867593495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1148/rg.326125503

DO - 10.1148/rg.326125503

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 1643

EP - 1657

JO - Radiographics

JF - Radiographics

SN - 0271-5333

IS - 6

ER -