Worldwide control of the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic has not been achieved, and the latest statistics show that the TB problem might be more endemic than previously thought. Although drugs and a TB vaccine are available, TB eradication faces the challenges of increasing occurrences of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains. To forestall this trend, the development of drugs targeting novel pathways is actively pursued. Recently, enzymes of the electron transport chain (ETC) have been determined to be the targets of potent antimycobacterial drugs such as bedaquiline. We focused on the three NADH dehydrogenases (Ndh, NdhA, and Nuo) of the Mtb ETC with the purpose of defining their role and essentiality in Mtb. Each NADH dehydrogenase was deleted in both virulent and BSL2-approved Mtb strains, from which the double knockouts ΔndhΔnuoAN and ΔndhAΔnuoAN were constructed. The ΔndhΔndhA double knockout could not be obtained, suggesting that at least one type II NADH dehydrogenase is required for Mtb growth. Δndh and ΔndhΔnuoAN showed growth defects in vitro and in vivo, susceptibility to oxidative stress, and redox alterations, while the phenotypes of ΔndhA, ΔnuoAN, and ΔndhAΔnuoAN were similar to the parental strain. Interestingly, although ΔnuoAN had no phenotype in vivo, ΔndhΔnuoAN was the most severely attenuated strain in mice, suggesting a key role for Nuo in vivo when Ndh is absent. We conclude that Ndh is the main NADH dehydrogenase of Mtb and that compounds that could target both Ndh and Nuo would be good candidates for TB drug development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 13 2018|
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