Plasma neurofilament light, glial fibrillary acidic protein and lysosphingolipid biomarkers for pharmacodynamics and disease monitoring of GM2 and GM1 gangliosidoses patients

Richard W.D. Welford, Herve Farine, Michel Steiner, Marco Garzotti, Kostantin Dobrenis, Claudia Sievers, Daniel S. Strasser, Yasmina Amraoui, Peter M.A. Groenen, Roberto Giugliani, Eugen Mengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

GM2 and GM1 gangliosidoses are genetic, neurodegenerative lysosomal sphingolipid storage disorders. The earlier the age of onset, the more severe the clinical presentation and progression, with infantile, juvenile and late-onset presentations broadly delineated into separate phenotypic subtypes. Gene and substrate reduction therapies, both of which act directly on sphingolipidosis are entering clinical trials for treatment of these disorders. Simple to use biomarkers for disease monitoring are urgently required to support and expedite these clinical trials. Here, lysosphingolipid and protein biomarkers of sphingolipidosis and neuropathology respectively, were assessed in plasma samples from 33 GM2 gangliosidosis patients, 13 GM1 gangliosidosis patients, and compared to 66 controls. LysoGM2 and lysoGM1 were detectable in 31/33 GM2 gangliosidosis and 12/13 GM1 gangliosidosis patient samples respectively, but not in any controls. Levels of the axonal damage marker Neurofilament light (NF-L) were highly elevated in both GM2 and GM1 gangliosidosis patient plasma samples, with no overlap with controls. Levels of the astrocytosis biomarker Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were also elevated in samples from both patient populations, albeit with some overlap with controls. In GM2 gangliosidosis patient plasma NF-L, Tau, GFAP and lysoGM2 were all most highly elevated in infantile onset patients, indicating a relationship to severity and phenotype. Plasma NF-L and liver lysoGM2 were also elevated in a GM2 gangliosidosis mouse model, and were lowered by treatment with a drug that slowed disease progression. These results indicate that lysosphingolipids and NF-L/GFAP have potential to monitor pharmacodynamics and pathogenic processes respectively in GM2 and GM1 gangliosidoses patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100843
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Volume30
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Gangliosidosis
  • Lysosome
  • Lysosphingolipid
  • Neurofilament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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