OBJECTIVE - To examine the relation of fatty acid-binding protein (FABP)4 and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) to diabetes in older adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We ascertained incident diabetes among 3,740 Cardiovascular Health Study participants (1992-2007) based on the use of hypoglycemic medications, fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL, or nonfasting glucose ≥200 mg/dL. FABP4 and NEFA were measured on specimens collected between 1992 and 1993. RESULTS - Mean age of the 3,740 subjects studied was 74.8 years. For each SD increase in log FABP4, hazard ratios (HRs) for diabetes were 1.35 (95% CI 1.10-1.65) for women and 1.45 (1.13-1.85) for men controlling for age, race, education, physical activity, cystatin C, alcohol intake, smoking, self-reported health status, and estrogen use for women (P for sex-FABP4 interaction 0.10). BMI modified the FABP4-diabetes relation (P = 0.009 overall; 0.02 for women and 0.135 for men), in that statistically significant higher risk of diabetes was mainly seen inmen with BMI <25 kg/m2 (HR per SD: 1.78 [95% CI 1.13-2.81]). There was a modest and non-significant association of NEFA with diabetes (Ptrend = 0.21). However, when restricted to the first 5 years of follow-up, multivariable-adjusted HRs for diabetes were 1.0 (ref.), 1.68 (95% CI 1.12-2.53), and 1.63 (1.07-2.50) across consecutive tertiles of NEFA (Ptrend = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS - Plasma FABP4 was positively associated with incident diabetes in older adults, and such association was statistically significant in lean men only. A significant positive association between plasma NEFA and incident diabetes was observed during the first 5 years of follow-up.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing