Endovascular grafting is a technique that combines the use of intravascular stents and prosthetic grafts to fabricate devices with unique properties. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of endovascular graft technology in the treatment of failed or failing standard aortoiliofemoral reconstructions. Over a 15-month period five patients with limb-threatening ischemia and failed aortofemoral or iliofemoral reconstructions underwent successful placement of six endovascular grafts to revascularize seven severely ischemic lower extremities. Standard thin-walled 6 mm polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and Palmaz balloon-expandable stents were used to fashion each reconstruction. In addition to the primary endovascular grafts, three patients underwent immediate femoropopliteal bypasses to improve distal outflow and one patient had a femorofemoral bypass graft to restore circulation to the contralateral ischemic extremity. The ankle/brachial indices of all patients significantly improved after the procedure (from a mean of 0.32 to a mean of 0.75) and all grafts are patent to date (mean follow-up 10 months). There were no deaths or limb loss in this group of patients. These favorable results indicate that this minimally invasive approach, which permits a new arterial graft to be inserted through a remote access site, is a valuable method for providing unobstructed arterial inflow after aortoiliofemoral graft failure. This procedure may be particularly valuable when there are contraindications to the use of axillary arteries or the thoracic aorta as alternatives to complex reoperative abdominal aortic surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine