Protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (PIAS3) is an endogenous inhibitor of STAT3 that negatively regulates STAT3 transcriptional activity and cell growth and demonstrates limited expression in the majority of human squamous cell carcinomas of the lung. In this study, we sought to determine whether PIAS3 inhibits cell growth in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines by inducing apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that overexpression of PIAS3 promotes mitochondrial depolarization, leading to cytochrome c release, caspase 9 and 3 activation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. This intrinsic pathway activation was associated with decreased Bcl-xL expression and increased Noxa expression and was independent of p53 status. Furthermore, PIAS3 inhibition of STAT3 activity was also p53 independent. Microarray experiments were performed to discover STAT3-independent mediators of PIAS3-induced apoptosis by comparing the apoptotic gene expression signature induced by PIAS3 overexpression with that induced by STAT3 siRNA. The results showed that a subset of apoptotic genes was uniquely expressed only after PIAS3 expression. Thus, PIAS3 may represent a promising lung cancer therapeutic target because of its p53-independent efficacy and its potential to synergize with Bcl-2 targeted inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2014|
- lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research