The mouse neuroblastoma-Chinese hamster brain hybrid cell line NCB-20 is the only clonal cell line in which binding studies indicate the presence of phencyclidine (PCP) receptor-like sites. We report here that polypeptide components of NCB-20 cell PCP sites were identified with the photolabile PCP derivative [3H]N-[1-(3-azidophenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine ([3H]AZ-PCP). The pharmacological selectivity of [3H]AZ-PCP binding (under reversible conditions) was similar to that observed for [3H]N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]-piperidine ([3H]TCP) binding to NCB-20 cell membranes. Inhibition of [3H]TCP binding by AZ-PCP, dexoxadrol or MK-801 was biphasic, suggesting the presence of two types of PCP sites on NCB-20 cells. Photolysis of NCB-20 cell membranes pre-equilibrated with [3H]AZ-PCP, followed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), revealed the presence of 5 major labeled bands (Mr 90,000, 68,000, 49,000, 40,000 and 33,000), a pattern similar to that observed for rat brain membranes. MK-801 and d-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (d-(-)-AP5) selectively inhibited the labeling of Mr 68,000 and 90,000 polypeptides. These results indicate that the labeled bands represent constituents of at least two different PCP binding proteins. The Mr 68,000 and 90,000 components appear to correspond to a high-affinity site, which comprises approximately 20% of total [3H]TCP sites in these cells, and exhibits the pharmacology expected for the PCP receptor of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-gated channel.
- N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor
- Neuroblastoma cell
- Phencyclidine receptor
- Photoaffinity labeling
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