The phosphorylation and regulation of the URA7-encoded CTP synthetase (EC 184.108.40.206, UTP:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) were examined. Protein kinase A is the principal mediator of signals transmitted through the RAS/cAMP pathway in S. cerevisiae. The results of labeling experiments indicated that the phosphorylation of CTP synthetase was mediated by the RAS/cAMP pathway in vivo. In vitro, protein kinase A phosphorylated CTP synthetase at a serine residue with a stoichiometry consistent with one phosphorylation site per CTP synthetase subunit. Protein kinase A activity was dose- and time-dependent using CTP synthetase as a substrate. The dependence of protein kinase A activity on CTP synthetase was cooperative (n = 1.8) and the K(m) value for CTP synthetase was 73 nM. Phosphorylation of CTP synthetase with protein kinase A resulted in the stimulation (190%) of activity. The mechanism of this stimulation included an increase in the V(max) of the reaction with respect to UTP and ATP, a decrease in the K(m) for ATP, and a decrease in the cooperative kinetic behavior of the enzyme. Phosphorylated CTP synthetase was less sensitive to product inhibition by CTP. Protein kinase C also phosphorylates and activates CTP synthetase. Phosphorylation of CTP synthetase with protein kinases A and C together resulted in an increase in CTP synthetase activity that was slightly greater than that obtained when the enzyme was phosphorylated with either protein kinase alone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology