Phosphoproteomic analysis of rat neutrophils shows the effect of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion and preconditioning on kinases and phosphatases

Muhammad Tahir, Samina Arshid, Belchor Fontes, Mariana S. Castro, Simone Sidoli, Veit Schwämmle, Isabelle S. Luz, Peter Roepstorff, Wagner Fontes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury (iIRI) is a severe clinical condition presenting high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Some of the systemic consequences of IRI can be prevented by applying ischemic preconditioning (IPC), a series of short ischemia/reperfusion events preceding the major ischemia. Although neutrophils are key players in the pathophysiology of ischemic injuries, neither the dysregulation presented by these cells in iIRI nor the protective effect of iIPC have their regulation mechanisms fully understood. Protein phosphorylation, as well as the regulation of the respective phosphatases and kinases are responsible for regulating a large number of cellular functions in the inflammatory response. Moreover, in previous work we found hydrolases and transferases to be modulated in iIR and iIPC, suggesting the possible involvement of phosphatases and kinases in the process. Therefore, in the present study, we analyzed the phosphoproteome of neutrophils from rats submitted to mesenteric ischemia and reperfusion, either submitted or not to IPC, compared to quiescent controls and sham laparotomy. Proteomic analysis was performed by multi-step enrichment of phosphopeptides, isobaric labeling, and LC-MS/MS analysis. Bioinformatics was used to determine phosphosite and phosphopeptide abundance and clustering, as well as kinases and phosphatases sites and domains. We found that most of the phosphorylation-regulated proteins are involved in apoptosis and migration, and most of the regulatory kinases belong to CAMK and CMGC families. An interesting finding revealed groups of proteins that are modulated by iIR, but such modulation can be prevented by iIPC. Among the regulated proteins related to the iIPC protective effect, Vamp8 and Inpp5d/Ship are discussed as possible candidates for control of the iIR damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5799
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2020

Keywords

  • Ischemia and reperfusion
  • Kinases
  • Neutrophils
  • Phosphatases
  • Phosphorylation
  • Preconditioning
  • Proteome
  • Systemic inflammatory response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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