Phorbol ester induces desensitization of adenylate cyclase and phosphorylation of the β-adrenergic receptor in turkey erythrocytes

D. J. Kelleher, J. E. Pessin, A. E. Ruoho, G. L. Johnson

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Incubation of turkey erythrocytes with the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) results in a dose- and time-dependent desensitization of isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity. Compared to controls, membranes from PMA-treated cells have an isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity that is decreased 20%-40%, with little effect on forskolin or fluoride activation of adenylate cyclase. No change in β-adrenergic receptor number is observed after PMA treatment, indicating that the major effect of PMA is to uncouple receptor interactions with N(s), the stimulatory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein of adenylate cyclase. Purification of β-adrenergic receptors from 32P(i)-labeled turkey erythrocytes, incubated in the presence or absence of PMA, indicates that the phorbol ester is capable of inducing a 3-fold increase in phosphorylation of the β-adrenergic receptor. The PMA effect is similar to the phosphorylation of the β-adrenergic receptor during isoproterenol- and dibutyryl cAMP-induced desensitization of adenylate cyclase in turkey erythrocytes. The findings indicate that decreased receptor-N(s) coupling is correlated with receptor phosphorylation and that phorbol esters can influence the responsiveness of hormone-sensitive adenylate cyclase in certain cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4316-4320
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number14 I
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984
Externally publishedYes


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