Phase I/II trial of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and etoposide in patients with small-cell lung cancer

Filippo De Marinis, Maria Rita Migliorino, Luca Paoluzzi, Luigi Portalone, Ottaviano Ariganello, Enrico Cortesi, Teresa Gamucci, Silvia Gasperoni, Antonino Cipri, Olga Martelli, Fabrizio Nelli

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objectives of this phase I/II study were to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and activity of cisplatin, etoposide, and gemcitabine (PEG) in the treatment of previously untreated patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Patients and Methods: Chemonaive patients received fixed doses of gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8) and cisplatin (70 mg/m2 on day 2) and escalating doses of etoposide (starting dose of 50 mg/m2 on days 3, 4, and 5) every 3 weeks. No prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factors were used. Results: From September 1998 to April 2000, 56 patients with limited- or extensive-stage SCLC were enrolled and received a total of 235 cycles. Two different etoposide doses were tested in eight patients. At the second level (75 mg/m2), two out of two patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities (neutropenia and thrombocytopenia) and no further dose-escalation was attempted, thus an etoposide dose of 50 mg/m2 was defined as the MTD. In the subsequent phase II evaluation, 48 additional patients were enrolled, for a total of 54 patients treated at the MTD. Grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 66.7 and 53.7% of patients, respectively. Non-hematologic toxicity was mild, with grade 3 diarrhea and fatigue as the main side effects. Two patients died of neutropenic sepsis (one at 75 mg/m2 and the other at 50 mg/m2 etoposide). Ten complete and 29 partial responses were reported, for an overall response rate of 72.2% (95% confidence interval, 56.6-85.0%). The median duration of response and median survival were 8.0 and 10 months, respectively, with a 1-year survival probability of 37.5%. Conclusions: The combination of PEG is feasible and well tolerated as front-line chemotherapy in SCLC. A randomized comparison of this triplet is underway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalLung Cancer
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Etoposide
  • Extensive-stage disease
  • Gemcitabine
  • Limited-stage disease
  • Phase I/II trial
  • Small-cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

De Marinis, F., Migliorino, M. R., Paoluzzi, L., Portalone, L., Ariganello, O., Cortesi, E., ... Nelli, F. (2003). Phase I/II trial of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and etoposide in patients with small-cell lung cancer. Lung Cancer, 39(3), 331-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5002(02)00500-7