Phase II trial of trimetrexate in patients with stage III and IV non-small-cell lung cancer

M. G. Kris, R. W. D'Acquisto, R. J. Gralla, M. T. Burke, L. D. Marks, M. P. Fanucchi, R. T. Heelan

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trimetrexate is a nonclassical antifolate with greater preclinical antitumor activity than methotrexate. Fourteen patients with stage III or IV non-small-cell lung cancer who had not previously received chemotherapy were given trimetrexate (12 mg/m2 intravenously daily for 5 days) every 3 weeks. No major objective responses were observed (95% confidence limits: 0-20%). Ten of the 14 patients had grade 2 or greater toxicity, with 50% experiencing grade 2 or greater leukopenia and/or thrombocytopenia. Nausea, vomiting, rash, mucositis, diarrhea, and serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) elevations were also seen. At the dosage and schedule of trimetrexate used, no responses occurred in this population of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. With the low response rate and the observed degree of myelosuppression, trimetrexate appears to have limited utility in this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-26
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Kris, M. G., D'Acquisto, R. W., Gralla, R. J., Burke, M. T., Marks, L. D., Fanucchi, M. P., & Heelan, R. T. (1989). Phase II trial of trimetrexate in patients with stage III and IV non-small-cell lung cancer. American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials, 12(1), 24-26. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000421-198902000-00006