Purpose: To investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of aerosolized Sustained Release Lipid Inhalation Targeting (SLIT) Cisplatin in patients with lung carcinoma. Experimental Design: Phase I, dose-escalating study of SLIT Cisplatin given in two sessions daily. Safety data, including laboratory variables, adverse events, pulmonary function tests, and radiographic imaging, were collected and analyzed for all patients to determine toxicity. Pharmacokinetic monitoring was done during the first course. Results: Seventeen patients and one tracheostomy patient on compassionate use received treatment. Aerosolized cisplatin was well tolerated. No dose-limiting toxicity was observed at the maximum delivered dose. Safety data showed no hematologic toxicity, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, or neurotoxicity. Most common adverse events were nausea (64.7%), vomiting (47.1%), dyspnea (64.7%), fatigue (64.7%), and hoarseness (47.1%). Pharmacokinetic data showed very low plasma platinum levels only with the longest repeated inhalations. Common Toxicity Criteria grade 2 decrease in forced expiratory volume in one second and diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide after one course occurred both in two patients and grade one decrease in forced expiratory volume in one second and diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide in six and five patients, respectively. Direct airway deposition via the tracheostomy resulted in clinical deterioration after two cycles best described as bronchitis, completely reversible within days. Overall response: stable disease in 12 patients and progressive disease in 4 patients (one patient received one cycle). Conclusions: Aerosolized liposomal cisplatin was found to be feasible and safe.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research