Pharmacology and toxicology of astrocyte-neuron glutamate transport and cycling

Ursula Sonnewald, Hong Qu, Michael Aschner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interaction between astrocytes and neurons is examined from the standpoint of glutamate neurotoxicity. The review details 1) the distribution of glutamate transporters on astrocytes and neurons, provoking a reformulation of the interdependence between these two cell types in removing extracellular glutamate and preventing excitotoxic injury; 2) the potential involvement of aberrant glutamate transporter function in the etiology of neuropathological conditions; 3) the role of astrocyte-neuron interaction in widely divergent aspects of brain energetics; 4) the role of astrocytes in the process of glutamate recycling within the context of anesthetic treatment with pentobarbital and thiopental.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume301
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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